Glossary of Terms

Affordable Housing: Social rented, affordable rented and intermediate housing, provided to eligible households whose needs are not met by the market. Eligibility is determined with regard to local incomes and local house prices. Affordable housing should include provisions to remain at an affordable price for future eligible households or for the subsidy to be recycled for alternative affordable housing provision.

Community Housing Fund: Government funding introduced in December 2016 to encourage and support development of community-led affordable housing. Targeted at areas experiencing housing pressures from high levels of second-home ownership, causing shortages of affordable housing for local people. Funding of £60m per year for the period 2016/17 – 2019/20 has been committed.

Community Led Housing: Affordable housing to meet long-term local needs promoted and developed through genuine community involvement. Key characteristics of Community Led Housing are: * the community must be integrally involved throughout the process in key decisions on the nature of the housing scheme * the community usually takes a long-term formal role in ownership, management or stewardship of the homes * the benefits to the local area and/or specified community are clearly defined and legally protected in perpetuity.
For more detailed information on the characteristics of Community Led Housing and different models of provision, see the Home Page.

Community Land Trust: Formal not-for-profit body set up and run by local people to develop and manage affordable housing; trusts can acquire land and hold it as a community asset in perpetuity.
Homes England (formerly Homes and Communities Agency): The Government’s housing, land and regeneration agency, and the regulator of social hosing providers in England. It is an executive non-departmental public body sponsored by the Department of Communities and Local Government, and aims to help create successful communities by making more houses and business premises available where needed.

Housing Needs Survey: A questionnaire or other survey method designed to identify the extent of local need for affordable housing usually in rural areas and small settlements, and the type, size and tenure of housing required.

Housing Associations: Housing Associations, commonly referred to as Registered Providers, are not-for-profit organisations which build, own, let and manage shared ownership and rental housing. They are classified by the property industry as “registered social landlords” and are able to work with community groups in a variety of ways.

National Planning Policy Framework: States that the purpose of planning is to help achieve sustainable development and sets out the Government’s planning policies for England and how these are expected to be applied. Provides a framework within which local people and their accountable councils can produce their own distinctive local and neighbourhood plans which reflect the need and priorities of their communities.

Neighbourhood Plans: A plan prepared by a Parish Council or Neighbourhood Forum for a particular neighbourhood area focussing on land-use and associated social, economic and environmental issues. If supported by a majority of the community at a local referendum and the plan is subsequently “made” it becomes part of the Development Plan for the wider Local Authority area.

Planning Condition: A condition imposed on a grant of planning permission (in accordance with the Town and Country Planning Act 1990) or a condition included in a Local Development Order or Neighbourhood Development Order.

Planning Obligation: A legally enforceable obligation entered into under section 106 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 to mitigate the impacts of a development proposal.

Rural Housing Enabler: Usually employed by local authorities, their role is to identify, develop and progress affordable housing opportunities in rural areas, involving engagement with parish councils, landowners, Registered Providers and developers to seek opportunities for rural affordable housing development and promote affordable housing options in rural communities

Rural exception sites: Small sites used for affordable housing in perpetuity where sites would not normally be used for housing. Rural exception sites seek to address the needs of the local community by accommodating households who are either currently residents or have an existing family or employment connection. Each Council’s policy may be different but sometimes, small numbers of market homes may be allowed at the Council’s discretion, for example where essential to enable the delivery of affordable homes without grant funding.

Sustainable Development: Development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. The National Planning Policy Framework states that sustainable development has three dimensions – economic, social and environmental, all of which the planning system aims to fulfil.

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